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Birds, Butterflies and Wildlife!


State Parks are for the birds...

New Mexico State Parks offer varied, valuable habitats for birds and special attractions for birders. With close ties to Audubon New Mexico, several State Parks are listed as Important Bird Areas. Whether you are interested in a Ranger guided bird walk, or want to take off on your own for a quiet morning of birding, State Parks are the place to be.

Birding volunteers are always welcome and State Parks are always trying to improve our bird lists and programs.  Bird habitat conservation is also important in parks and volunteer habitat stewardship projects occur at many parks statewide.

Follow our fun bird photo galleries on Pinterest!

Pancho Villa State Park
Located near the Mexican border, this park is in the border town of Columbus. The flora and water from irrigation draw many birds including: curve-billed thrasher, cactus wren, greater roadrunner, great horned owl, Inca dove, ladder-backed woodpecker, verdin, pyrrhuloxia, Gambel’s quail, and black-throated sparrow. In summer, look for Bullock’s and Scott’s orioles and bronzed cowbird.

Rockhound State Park
Just south of Deming is Rockhound State Park. Spring and fall are the best times for viewing at both Rockhound and Spring Canyon units. Resident or wintering species include: Gambel’s quail, Hutton’s vireo, western scrub jay, Bewick’s wren, western bluebird, ruby-crowned kinglet, Townsend’s solitaire, phainopepla, greentailed towhee, black-chinned sparrow, and lesser goldfinch. Summer breeding birds include lesser nighthawk and common poor-will.

City of Rocks State Park

This park north of Deming has amazing geology with nearby springs. Birds found here include: western kingbird, curve-billed thrasher, cactus wren, scaled quail, western scrub-jay, sparrows, finches, and eastern meadowlark. Also possible are lesser nighthawk, common poorwill, great-horned owl and blue grosbeak.

Leasburg Dam State Park
This park is located on the Rio Grande about 20 miles north of Las Cruces. Flooded fields can produce: Wilson’s snipe, Franklin’s gull, American pipit, long-billed curlew, and various ducks. A trail runs along the river’s edge between campgrounds and resident species include: rock wren, verdin, sparrows, crissal thrasher, canyon towhee, pyrrhuloxia, black phoebe, and ladder-backed woodpecker. In summer look for warblers, phainopepla, Bullock’s oriole and warbling vireo.

Percha Dam State Park
Located north of Hatch along the Rio Grande, this is one of the best places in the state for bird-watching. The central area is an open bosque and is good for phainopepla, woodpeckers, flycatchers and vireos. The willow and cottonwood habitat boasts some of the best warbler watching during spring and fall migrations. The half-mile river trail is excellent for birds in all seasons. Watch the river for ducks, shorebirds and kingfishers, the bosque for passerines, hawks, owls and woodpeckers. Within a small woodland at the park, there are commonly flycatchers, woodpeckers and warblers during migration. Accipiters and falcons often seek the smaller birds here.

Caballo Lake State Park
This park is located on Caballo Reservoir, south of Elephant Butte Reservoir along the Rio Grande. The lake provides excellent fall viewing of: grebes, raptors, geese and ducks, quail, gulls, doves, owls, woodpeckers, phoebes, wrens, thrushes, thrashers, sparrows, and finches.

Elephant Butte Lake State Park
This park is prime for waterbirds and shorebirds. Elephant Butte is the largest lake in New Mexico and is best birded between September and May. At the lake, you may see American white pelicans, thousands of western and Clark’s grebes, several terns and unusual gulls. Some of the better birding spots are at the marinas at Long Point, Three Sisters Point, and South Monticello Point (check for shorebirds, gulls, terns, waders, and ducks). Loons are more common at the southern end of the lake. Birding on land is best from Rock Canyon south, where tall scrub and houses with plants and feeders attract numerous species. Check migrating horned lark flocks for longspurs.

Mesilla Valley State Park
Mesilla Valley Bosque State Park is an Audubon designated IBA (Important Birding Area) and we are the most recent addition to the statewide birding trail as stop number 43.


 Watching Butterflies in State Parks

butterfliesWith more than 300 species, New Mexico ranks among the best areas in the US for butterfly diversity and State Parks are great places to butterfly watch!  Within our parks there are valuable and varied habitats for butterflies, as well as amenities for visitors. 

Among the New Mexico butterfly specialties is the small, yet spectacular, Sandia Hairstreak, now our official  State Butterfly.  It can be seen at several state parks in eastern and southern New Mexico in March and April.

Join a butterfly festival, enjoy a Ranger program or walk on State Park trails to learn about these fascinating creatures.

Where the Wild Things Are...

Parks are great places to see and learn about other wildlife as well. Deer, elk, bobcat, javelina, rabbit, and bats inhabit our parks--just to name a few.  State Park Rangers and scientists provide great programs about mammals, insects, reptiles, and amphibians. Learn about the bear and mountain lions. And visit our zoo to see wildlife from the Chihuahuan Desert, up close and personal.

Fox black bear bolson tortoise






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