Endangered Plants

Sacramento Mountain Thistle (Cirsium vinaceum) Pecos Sunflower (Helianthus paradoxus) at State Forestry's Blue Hole Cienega Sacramento Mountains Prickly Poppy
Sacramento Mountain Thistle (Cirsium vinaceum) Pecos Sunflower (Helianthus paradoxus) Sacramento Prickly Poppy (Argemone pleiacantha - spp. pinnatisecta)


The New Mexico Endangered Plant Program

(EMNRD - Forestry Division)

The Forestry Division has statutory responsibility for the State Endangered Plant Species List. Section 75-6-1 NMSA 1978 directs the Division to investigate all plant species in the state for the purpose of establishing a list of endangered plant species (NMAC). In this capacity the Forestry Division gathers information relating to population abundance, distribution, habitat requirements, threats, limiting factors, and other biological and ecological data to determine the status of an endangered species. The information is then used to develop conservation measures necessary for the species’ survival. The statute further directs the Division to establish a program necessary to promote the conservation of listed endangered plant species including research, inventory and monitoring, law enforcement, habitat maintenance, education, and propagation. Currently New Mexico has 37 plant species that are listed endangered, including 13 federally listed species (Click here for the list). The Endangered Plant Program is primarily federally funded through Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act for endangered plant research and management. Current and past project funding includes:

      • Status surveys and reports on sensitive, proposed, candidate and listed species
      • Writing recovery plans
      • Writing 5-year reviews
      • Coordinating and carrying-out recovery actions
      • Long term population trend monitoring of endangered plants
      • Resolving taxonomic questions
      • Researching habitat requirements and population demographics
      • Educational projects      


If you are applying for an endangered plant transplant permit, please click here for information required for a transplant permit application (NM Transplant Application Procedures).

For information about New Mexico State Forestry's Rare and Endangered Plants Program, please contact:

Daniela Roth - Endangered Plant Program Coordinator

(505) 476-3347




The New Mexico Rare Plant Conservation Strategy

The New Mexico Rare Plant Conservation Strategy is an integral part of the State of New Mexico’s Energy, Minerals, and Natural Resources Department, Forestry Division’s Forest Action Plan, which identifies natural resource conditions, needs and opportunities across all land ownerships in the state and guides long-term Division management.  The Division is a major partner in rare and endangered plant conservation, recovery and research through its Endangered Plant Program. It is the only program within the state government that focuses on rare plant conservation and operates statewide. The Strategy is focused on 235 rare and endangered plant species in New Mexico, including 109 species that only occur in New Mexico and nowhere else in the world.  The overall goal of the New Mexico Rare Plant Conservation Strategy is to protect and conserve New Mexico’s rare and endangered plant species and their habitats through collaborative partnerships between stakeholders and interested parties to aid and improve the conservation and management of rare plant species and to avoid federal listing. [PDF]


Useful Links for Rare Plant Information

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. New Mexico Ecological Field Office.  Threatened and Endangered Species. https://www.fws.gov/southwest/es/NewMexico/#

NatureServe Explorer. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/

Navajo Natural Heritage Program. https://www.nndfw.org/nnhp/nnhp_home.htm

New Mexico Natural Heritage Program. https://nhnm.unm.edu/

New Mexico Native Plant Society. http://www.npsnm.org/

New Mexico Rare Plant Technical Council. New Mexico Rare Plants. Albuquerque, NM: New Mexico Rare Plants Home Page. http://nmrareplants.unm.edu/

New Mexico State University. Range Science Herbarium. 

Southwest Environmental Information Network (SEINet). http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/index.php

University of New Mexico Herbarium. Museum of Southwestern Biology. http://www.msb.unm.edu/herbarium/

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. Endangered Species Program.  http://www.fws.gov/endangered/

Holy Ghost Ipomopsis (Ipomopsis sancti-spiritus) Mesa Verde cactus (Sclerocactus mesae-verdae) Sneed's pincushion cactus (Escobaria sneedii var. sneedii)
Holy Ghost ipomopsis (Ipomopsis sancti-spiritus) Mesa Verde cactus (Sclerocactus mesae-verdae) Sneed’s pincushion cactus (Escobaria sneedii var. sneedii)
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